WWI Camp Gordon, Georgia ~ Baptism of Army Negro Soldiers 1917-1919

Camp Gordon - ARMY Negro Soldiers Baptism48. Baptism for Army Men, Colored troops of the U. S. Army receiving Holy Baptism at the Norcross Rifle Range, Camp Gordon, Ga.
The American Negro in the World War – Emmett J. Scott 1919

Military Mystery: ARMY Lance Corporal Charlie JACKSON (b. abt 1890) of Macon Georgia

I completely believe our research is championed by the Ancestors whose stories we seek to tell. So rather than holding on to all the Charlie JACKSON data I’ve gathered on my mission to find Gertrude’s big brother, I’ll begin posting what I’ve learned of their lives and military service here, among friends. I believe Charlie is fighting to not be forgotten and we will find him soon.

Charlie JACKSON Macon GA Service Card 1917Charlie JACKSON – Georgia, World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919

Lance Corporal Charlie JACKSON was born about 1890 in Macon, Georgia. According to his U.S. Army Service Card, Charlie JACKSON enlisted on October 23, 1917 at Fort McPherson in Atlanta, Georgia. He was promoted to Lance Corporal in January 1918, serving overseas from December 26, 1917 to July 10, 1919.

Lance Cpl. JACKSON was Honorably Discharged from the Army July 21, 1919.

From various records and Macon news sources, I can confirm Charlie’s address as 120 Pio Nono Avenue in Macon where he lived with his Wife, Roberta (b. 1890) for many years, including following his discharge from the Army. Charlie and Roberta can be found in Macon’s City Directory from 1924-1945. There address is less than 2 miles from the home Gertrude shared with Aunt Etta FLOYD at 306 Madison St.

Charlie-JACKSON-I---Macon-GA-City-Directory-1925Charlie & Roberta JACKSON – 1925 U.S. City Directory. Macon GA

Charlie’s 1890 birth year, Macon birth location, close proximity to Gertrude and Fort McPherson training base make him a strong candidate for being “Our Charlie”.

Wounded-Georgians-Return-July-12-1918What doesn’t add up is how could Charlie send Gertrude a postcard with what I believe a March 18, 1919 Fort McPherson postmark IF he didn’t return to the states until July 1919?

Atlanta GA
Mar 18 19
My dearest little sister,
I am so sorry that I didn’t see you any-more.
I am expecting visit there again soon, with lots of love your Bro Charl [sic]

Could Charlie have been injured overseas in France and returned early to Atlanta on July 11, 1918? Could he have been at Fort McPherson recovering from a war injury for 1 year, among the UNNAMED Negroes mentioned in this Macon Telegraph news article (07.12.1018)?

Also, if Charlie lived in Macon close to sister Gertrude, would he have spoken of a “visit” soon? Wouldn’t he have been returning home to Roberta?

I still plan to obtain a death certificate for Gertrude that would [hopefully] identify parents to trace via the census and connect Gertrude and Charlie. An Army Roster with Charlie listed and/or discharge papers would be GOLDEN too! Or a Georgia Military expert to weigh-in on the postcard and confirm if it’s Camp Gordon or Ft. McPherson.

So, what do you think? Is Lance Cpl. JACKSON our Charlie?

Charlie-JACKSON I---MACON-GA--6-AUG-1917

Last Draft List Has Been Mailed. Macon and Bibb County Physical Examinations for the Draft Are to be Held during Present Week
Date: Monday, August 6, 1917  
Paper: Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA)

Charlie JACKSON I - Army Registration CardCharlie JACKSON – Army Registration Card 1917

Charlie-JACKSON-I---Macon-GA-1920-Census

Charlie & Roberta JACKSON – 1920 Macon GA U.S. Census

References:

  • Wounded Georgins Return, Friday, July 12, 1918  – Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA)
  • Last Draft List Has Been Mailed. Macon and Bibb County Physical Examinations for the Draft Are to be Held during Present Week,  Monday, August 6, 1917  – Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA)
  • 1920 United States Census – Macon Georgia, BIBB County
  • 1925 U.S. City Directory – Macon, Georgia
  • World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919 – Ancestry.com
  • Army Registration Card 1917 – Ancestry.com

Miltary Mystery: WWI 1919 Atlanta Infantry Drill – Take II

As it turns out, the “original poster” of my WWI 1919 Atlanta Infantry Drill mystery is none other than Lee Eltzroth of Hunting & Gathering, my online genealogy Twitter pal! Who knew the genea-blogging community was so small? Well, I guess I did BUT it’s still cool to know the Infantry Drill image is in Lee’s hands AND that allows me to gather even more intel!:)

So take a look at both the FRONT and BACK side views of our mystery image. The devil is in the details! Time to dig in to find our Clarence/Charles and Gertrude JACKSON of Macon, Georgia! These Ancestors are calling for us!:)

Infantry Drill Atlanta 1919

Infantry Drill 1919 postcard back

Infantry Drill 1919 postcard back detailSo tell me what do you see?!:)

Luckie

FOOTNOTE 1.29.2014

U.S. City Directories, 1821-1989 — Gertrude Jackson

  • Name: Gertrude Jackson
  • Residence Year: 1915
  • Street Address: 306 Madison
  • Residence Place: Macon, Georgia
  • Occupation: Teacher
  • Publication Title: Macon, Georgia, City Directory, 1915

Gertrude JACKSON - Macon, GA City Directory 1915

1920 United States Federal Census about Gertrude Jackson

  • Notes : Gertrude is living with her Aunt Etta FLOYD (b. 1882) at 306 Madison Street in Macon’s 3d Ward. She is 20 years old, born in 1900 and teaching.

Gertrude JACKSON - Macon, GA 1920 Census

U.S. ARMY Pvt. Elbert CODY III (b. 1894) ~ WWI Veteran of Warrenton, Georgia

Camp Gordon 1918-1919  - IPvt. Elbert CODY III (b. 1894) descends from a long line of Elberts in our family. He was Grandson [and namesake] to my 4th Great Grandfather, Elbert CODY (b. 1820), the son of Elbert II (b. 1847) and Lula CODY of Warrenton, Georgia. If you need help keeping up with our Elberts, just check here – A Tale of Many Elberts ~ CODY, DORSEY, DAWSON, WINGFIELD & STRINGER.

Elbert CODY III is my 1st Cousin, 4xs removed.

As I’ve shared, I was delighted to find Elbert and Zack JONES, Cousin Gwen’s Grandfather, being inducted together and sent to Atlanta’s Camp GORDON for war-training. I’d give anything to know what they talked about on that day or how they felt being sworn in. Or to hear their experiences as part of the newly formed Colored Troops!

Cousin Elbert served overseas from July 1918 to July 1919 with Company C 327th Service Battalion and was Honorably Discharged July 15, 1919.

He departed this life on December 3, 1950 and is buried at the Highland Park Cemetery in Cleveland, Ohio; a Military Headstone marking his grave.

Camp Gordon 1918-1919 - IINegro Recruits Camp Gordon 1918

I’m still seeking to learn where he served and to find his name on an official Roster List. Finding historical documentation of our African American in service has proven to be quite the challenge, and was the genesis for my creating this blog.

Our men deserve better. They are deserving of honor and recognition for their service. We can’t allow their stories, service and memories to be blotted out of history.

As you can see, I’ve discovered more than a few images of Camp Gordon Negro recruits 1917-1918 online via the National Archives.

Who can say? I could very well be looking in the face of Cousins Elbert and Zack as they made their way to Camp Gordon!

I’m hopeful some of my CODY-DORSEY-JONES cousins will find a familiar face among these young men. Now wouldn’t that be something!:)

Elbert CODY III - WWI Service CardElbert CODY III – Georgia, World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919

Elbert CODY III - Army Registration CardElbert CODY III – Army Registration Card 1917

Camp Gordon 1918-1919 - IIIAfrican American Soldiers at Camp Gordon listening to another Soldier read 1917-1918

Camp Gordon GA 1918 - IVCamp Gordon New Recruits receiving instruction – 1918 Georgia

WWI U.S. ARMY Pvt. Zack JONES (1891-1961) of Richmond, Georgia

Elbert CODY III & Zack Jones - Lists of Men Ordered to Report to Local Board for Military Duty, 1917–1918Surprised doesn’t describe my feelings when I discovered Zack JONES (b.1891 – d. 1961), Grandfather of my Cousin Gwen STEGALL (Connected By Blood) being inducted into the Army on April 30, 1918 with Cousin Elbert CODY III in Warrenton, Georgia!

Focusing on Elbert CODY, I’d missed Zack’s name but he must have shouted out because I spotted him on a 2nd pass! Guess he said if you can poke around my family tree Luckie, you can make sure I’m recognized among my family!

And Cousin Zack is absolutely right!:)

After being inducted cousins Zack JONES and Elbert CODY were both sent to Camp GORDON in Atlanta for war-training.

From Zack’s WWI Service Card it doesn’t appear he was sent overseas. Much of his service from April 1918 to January 1919 was with the 157th Depot Brigade and Company B 403 Labor Battalion QMC, which is also inscribed on Zack’s military headstone at Cody Grove Baptist Church in Warrenton.

Perk JONESZack was Honorably Discharged on January 9, 1919. He returned to Warrenton where he would later marry Cousin Perk Jackson (b.1906 – d. 1959) and raise his family.

Zack JONES departed this life 31 May 1961 and was dearly loved by his family. I’m looking forward to Cousin Gwen sharing a few of Zack’s WWI stories with us!:)

Zack JONES - WWI Service CardZack JONES – Georgia, World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919

Zack Jones - Army Registration CardZack JONES – Army Registration Card 1917

Additional Reading: To understand just how special finding Zack and Elbert being inducted together in 1918 is, visit Our Georgia Roots to read about how Cousin Gwen and I reconnected our CODY-DORSEY family line in 2010 – Sisters Ailey & Catie CODY: Separated By Slavery, Connected By Love

ARMY Corporal Claud EVANS ~ WWI Soldier of Washington-Wilkes

WINGFIELD SOLDIERSArmy Corporal Claud EVANS (l) of Washington-Wilkes, Georgia. According to the Lists of Men Ordered to Report to Local Board for Military Duty, 1917–1918, Claud received his wartime training at Camp Funston in Kansas, MO.

This image was among 100+ family pictures returned to myself and cousin Malinda CROSS by Wilkes County native, Annie HALL in 2002.

Annie HALL was a neighbor to Mingo WINGFIELD on Whitehall. She rescued the images from the sidewalk as Mingo’s house was emptied following his passing. She held them in safety for 30 years until a family member could claim them.

Although I’ve yet to validate it through records, I’ve always believed Mingo’s Father, John (Jack) WINGFIELD and my 3rd Great Grandfather James WINGFIELD were brothers.

Below is a note I had with the image of Claud and the unnamed WWI Soldier beside him:

Jul 26, 2002

There were 3 images of these young military men in the stack of images. Frances WINGFIELD, the oldest Daughter of Mingo & Sarah, tells us that the young man pictured on the left is Claud Evans, Sarah’s Brother.

Claud EVANS - WWI Service Card

Claud EVANS – Georgia, World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919

Claud EVANS - Army Registration Card

Claud EVANS – Army Registration Card 1917

Claud EVANS - Lists of Men Ordered to Report to Local Board for Military Duty, 1917–1918

Claud EVANS – Lists of Men Ordered to Report to Local Board for Military Duty, 1917–1918

Sarah & Baby Sarah Elizabeth WINGFIELDClaud’s Sister, Sarah COHEN WINGFIELD, Mingo’s 2ND wife & their daughter, Sarah Elizabeth